A prosthodontist is a specialist trained in restoring and replacing missing teeth, and the promotion of attractive smiles. Dentists qualify as prosthodontists after an extra 3 years training after leaving dental school.
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon
This is a specialist surgeon, who is responsible for the diagnosis and treatment of problems of the neck, mouth, face, and jaws. Some of the procedures executed by the oral and maxillofacial surgeon are:
• Removal of impacted teeth
• Surgery involving face and jaw reconstruction
• Jaw alignment
• Post trauma realignment of the face bones
• Using dental implants for teeth replacement
• Tooth extraction
• Facial trauma correction
• Diagnosis and extraction of jaw, oral or facial tumors
• TMJ surgery for repairing jaw joints
Periodontists are specialist dentists who detect and treat all cases of gum diseases, and handle placement of dental implants. Your dentist will usually refer you to a see a periodontist when it is obvious that your gum has deteriorated very badly due to decay, implants, or cosmetics. Periodontists and dentists usually work as a team to design appropriate treatment regimes for individual patients.
Orthodontists are specialist dentists who have the responsibility of using braces, retainers, etc., to align deformed jaws and straighten crooked teeth. Such defects such as spacing, crowding, protrusion etc. are usually genetic. Others can happen because of accidents, missing primary or secondary teeth, and bad habits like prolonged thumb sucking.
Pediatric dentists are specially trained dentists dedicated to the maintenance of good dental health of children. They have the right qualification and experience to manage the care of a child’s gums, teeth, and mouth. Their offices, staff, etc., are designed for the comfort of children. Dentists who want to qualify as pediatric dentists must attend an extra 2 years of specialist training after dental school.
An endodontist is a specialist concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of problems inside the mouth – root canal, pulp, etc. Prior to qualification, Endodontists receive an extra 2 – 3 years of training in Endodontics after leaving dental school.